Hydroponics is a method of growing plants that eliminates the most basic variable: soil. Although it’s exploded in popularity in recent years, hydroponics is not a new development. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Floating Gardens of China are examples of hydroponics that date back thousands of years. Scientists have refocused on developing hydroponic growing techniques over the last 70 years, which has provided countless benefits in growing crops and other plants.
Benefits of Hydroponics
Don’t plants need soil to thrive? Actually, no. By removing soil from the equation, landscapers can give plants a more exact balance of the nutrients they need to grow. The benefits of hydroponics include:
- 30%-50% higher growth rate than plants grown in soil
- Higher yield of flowers and fruits
- More oxygen to feed root growth
- A more direct application of nutrients (which conserves plant energy and thus promotes growth)
- Carefully balanced pH in the growing medium
- Benefits the environment by using less water and eliminating the need for soil
- Plants are less likely to develop infestations of pests, fungus, or other disease
Hydroponics Growing Medium
Although hydroponics relies heavily on water, hydroponic gardeners don’t simply drop seeds into buckets of water and wait. Hydroponic growing mediums contain a careful selection of nutrients that plants would otherwise obtain from the soil. Hydroponic systems move water containing a concentrated growing medium over plant roots. This allows the system to cultivate a wide range of plants, as well as helping to prevent water stagnation.
Contact Besgrow to learn more about hydroponics and other mediums for growing plants.